FFO and FFO per share are non-GAAP measures commonly used by publicly traded real estate companies. Included with this press release is a table reconciling FFO to net earnings (loss), the most comparable GAAP measure.
In an effort to provide investors with additional information about its core operations, the company initiated reporting Operating FFO in the second quarter of 2012. Operating FFO is a non-GAAP measure derived from FFO. Included with this press release are tables reconciling Operating FFO to FFO, and then to net earnings (loss).
“We continue to make progress in executing our strategy of focusing on core rental properties by exiting our land development business. To date, we have closed the sale of approximately three quarters of the land projects targeted for disposition, and we continue to market the balance.
A full description of factors impacting Operating FFO for the third quarter and first nine months of 2012 is included in the company’s third quarter 2012 Supplemental Package furnished to the SEC and available on the company’s website.
Overall comparable property NOI increased 1.8 percent during the third quarter, compared with the same period in 2011, with increases of 6.0 percent in apartments, 0.6 percent in office, and 0.5 percent in retail.
“Overall, our third quarter and nine month results met our expectations, as evidenced by strong Operating FFO results in both periods,” said LaRue. “As we have since the beginning of the year, we continue to execute on our key strategies: focusing on core markets and products, building a strong capital structure and improving our balance sheet, and pursuing operational excellence to drive growth from the mature portfolio, newly opened projects, and new development.
“While we remain alert to changing conditions and cautious regarding macroeconomic factors, we are confident in our strategy and in our ability to deliver enhanced value for our shareholders and other stakeholders.”
The company uses FFO, along with EBDT and net earnings (loss) to report its operating results. The majority of the company’s peers in the publically traded real estate industry are Real Estate Investment Trusts (“REITs”) and report operations using FFO as defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”). FFO provides supplemental information about the company’s operations. Although FFO is not presented in accordance with GAAP, the company believes it is necessary to understand its business and operating results, along with net earnings, the most comparable GAAP measure. The company believes its presentation of FFO provides important supplemental information to its investors.
FFO is defined by NAREIT as net earnings excluding the following items: i) gain (loss) on disposition of rental properties, divisions and other investments (net of tax); ii) non-cash charges for real estate depreciation and amortization; iii) impairment of depreciable real estate (net of tax); iv) extraordinary items (net of tax); and v) cumulative or retrospective effect of change in accounting principle (net of tax). FFO is reconciled to net earnings (loss), the most comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP, in the table titled Reconciliation of FFO and EBDT to Net Earnings/Loss below and in the company’s Supplemental Package, which the company will also furnish to the SEC on Form 8-K.
Operating FFO is defined as FFO, as defined by NAREIT, adjusted to exclude: i) activity related to our land held for divestiture (including impairment charges); ii) impairment of Land Group projects; iii) write-offs of abandoned development projects; iv) income recognized on state and federal historic and other tax credits; v) gains or losses from extinguishment of debt; vi) gains or losses on change in control of interests; vii) the adjustment to recognize rental revenues and rental expense using the straight-line method; viii) other non-recurring items such as income generated from the casino land sale; ix) the Nets pre-tax FFO; and x) income taxes on FFO.
This press release contains certain financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP under the full consolidation accounting method and certain financial measures prepared in accordance with the pro-rata consolidation method (non-GAAP). The company presents certain financial amounts under the pro-rata method because it believes this information is useful to investors as this method reflects the manner in which the company operates its business. In line with industry practice, the company has made a large number of investments in which its economic ownership is less than 100 percent as a means of procuring opportunities and sharing risk. Under the pro-rata consolidation method, the company presents its investments proportionate to its economic share of ownership. Under GAAP, the full consolidation method is used to report partnership assets and liabilities consolidated at 100 percent if deemed to be under its control or if the company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities (“VIE”), even if its ownership is not 100 percent. The company provides reconciliations from the full consolidation method to the pro-rata consolidation method in the exhibits below and throughout its Supplemental Package, which the company will also furnish to the SEC on Form 8-K.
NOI, a non-GAAP measure, is defined as revenues (excluding straight-line rent adjustments) less operating expenses (including depreciation and amortization and amortization of mortgage procurement costs for non-real estate groups) plus interest income plus equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated entities (excluding gain on disposition and impairment of unconsolidated entities) plus interest expense, gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt, depreciation and amortization of unconsolidated entities. We believe NOI provides us, as well as our investors, additional information about our core business operations and, along with earnings, is necessary to understand our business and operating results.
Statements made in this news release that state the company’s or management’s intentions, hopes, beliefs, expectations or predictions of the future are forward-looking statements. The company’s actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements due to various risks, uncertainties and other factors. Risks and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the impact of current lending and capital market conditions on its liquidity, ability to finance or refinance projects and repay its debt, the impact of the current economic environment on its ownership, development and management of its real estate portfolio, general real estate investment and development risks, vacancies in its properties, the strategic decision to reposition or divest portions of the company’s land business, further downturns in the housing market, competition, illiquidity of real estate investments, bankruptcy or defaults of tenants, anchor store consolidations or closings, international activities, the impact of terrorist acts, risks associated with an investment in a professional sports team, its substantial debt leverage and the ability to obtain and service debt, the impact of restrictions imposed by its credit facility and senior debt, exposure to hedging agreements, the level and volatility of interest rates, the continued availability of tax-exempt government financing, the impact of credit rating downgrades, effects of uninsured or underinsured losses, effects of a downgrade or failure of its insurance carriers, environmental liabilities, conflicts of interest, risks associated with the sale of tax credits, risks associated with developing and managing properties in partnership with others, the ability to maintain effective internal controls, compliance with governmental regulations, increased legislative and regulatory scrutiny of the financial services industry, volatility in the market price of its publicly traded securities, inflation risks, litigation risks, cybersecurity risks and cyber incidents, as well as other risks listed from time to time in the company’s SEC filings, including but not limited to, the company’s annual and quarterly reports.
SOURCE Forest City Enterprises, Inc.