Operating FFO is a non-GAAP measure derived from FFO. The company believes Operating FFO provides investors with additional information about its core operations. Included with this press release is a table reconciling FFO to Operating FFO.
FFO and FFO per share are non-GAAP measures commonly used by publicly traded real estate companies. Included with this press release is a table reconciling net earnings (loss), the most comparable GAAP measure, to FFO.
“Operating FFO was up significantly, compared with the same period in 2013, even after the short-term dilutive impact of our strategic partnerships and non-core asset dispositions. FFO results were impacted by a significantly lower tax benefit in the period, compared with the second quarter of 2013, and by a net loss on disposition of partial interest related to the completion of our joint venture with Greenland USA. The net loss was driven by an unfavorable ruling during the quarter in a condemnation proceeding for a land parcel at the project. While we are appealing this ruling, we have recognized the higher than anticipated costs in our second-quarter results. Absent these impacts, FFO results would have been in line with consensus estimates.
“Early in the second quarter, we confirmed that we are exploring the potential sale of our minority interest in the NBA Brooklyn Nets. There has been significant interest from qualified prospective buyers, and we are working with our majority partner to maximize the value of the team in any potential sale. Our goal is to conclude a sale of our interest by yearend, but no transaction can be assured.”
Overall comparable NOI increased 5.0 percent for the three months ended June30,2014, compared with the same period in 2013, with increases of 2.3 percent in retail, 4.6 percent in apartments and 7.1 percent in office.
“We are pleased with the performance of our business in the second quarter and first half,” said LaRue. “The solid growth in Comp NOI across our operating portfolio is a direct result of our strategy of focusing on high-value properties in key core markets. We have worked hard over the past several years to improve that focus, and to deleverage, de-risk and transform the business. These strategies will continue to drive growth in the future.
The company uses FFO, along with net earnings (loss) to report its operating results. The majority of the company’s peers in the publicly traded real estate industry are Real Estate Investment Trusts (“REITs”) and report operations using FFO as defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”). FFO provides supplemental information about the company’s operations. Although FFO is not presented in accordance with GAAP, the company believes it is necessary to understand its business and operating results, along with net earnings, the most comparable GAAP measure.
FFO is defined by NAREIT as net earnings (loss) excluding the following items, at the company’s proportionate share: i) gain (loss) on disposition of rental properties, divisions and other investments (net of tax); ii) non-cash charges for real estate depreciation and amortization; iii) impairment of depreciable real estate (net of tax); iv) extraordinary items (net of tax); and v) cumulative or retrospective effect of change in accounting principle (net of tax). Net earnings (loss), the most comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP, is reconciled to FFO in the table titled Reconciliation of Net Earnings (Loss) to FFO below and in the company’s supplemental package, which the company will furnish to the SEC on Form 8-K.
The company defines Operating FFO as FFO adjusted to exclude: i) activity related to our land held for divestiture (including impairment charges); ii) impairment of non-depreciable real estate; iii) write-offs of abandoned development projects; iv) income recognized on state and federal historic and other tax credits; v) gains or losses from extinguishment of debt; vi) change in fair market value of nondesignated hedges; vii) gains or losses on change in control of interests; viii) the adjustment to recognize rental revenues and rental expense using the straight-line method; ix) participation payments to ground lessors on refinancing of our properties; x) other transactional items; xi) the Nets pre-tax FFO; and xii) income taxes on FFO. The company believes its presentation of FFO and Operating FFO provides important supplemental information to its investors. Operating FFO may not be directly comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
This press release contains certain financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP under the full consolidation accounting method and certain financial measures prepared in accordance with the pro-rata consolidation method (non-GAAP). The company presents certain financial amounts under the pro-rata method because it believes this information is useful to investors as this method reflects the manner in which the company operates its business. In line with industry practice, the company has made a large number of investments in which its economic ownership is less than 100 percent as a means of procuring opportunities and sharing risk. Under the pro-rata consolidation method, the company presents its investments proportionate to its economic share of ownership. Under GAAP, the full consolidation method is used to report partnership assets and liabilities consolidated at 100 percent if deemed to be under its control or if the company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities (“VIE”), even if its ownership is not 100 percent. The company provides reconciliations from the full consolidation method to the pro-rata consolidation method below and throughout its supplemental package, which the company will furnish to the SEC on Form 8-K.
NOI, a non-GAAP measure, is defined as revenues (excluding straight-line rent adjustments) less operating expenses (including depreciation and amortization for non-real estate groups) plus interest income, equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated entities (excluding gain (loss) on disposition, gain (loss) on land held for divestiture activity, impairment, interest expense, gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt and depreciation and amortization of unconsolidated entities). The company believes NOI provides additional information about the company’s core operations and, along with earnings, is necessary to understand the business and operating results. NOI may not be directly comparable to similarly-titled measures reported by other companies.
In addition to NOI, the company uses comparable NOI as a metric to evaluate performance of its operating rental property portfolio, specifically for multi-family, office and retail properties. This measure provides a same-store comparison of operating results of all stabilized properties that are open and operating in both periods presented. Write-offs of abandoned development projects, non-capitalizable development costs and unallocated management and service company overhead, net of tax credit income, are not directly attributable to an operating property and are considered non-comparable NOI. In addition, certain income and expense items at the property level, such as lease termination income, real estate tax assessments or rebates and participation payments as a result of refinancing transactions and NOI impacts of changes in ownership percentages, are removed from comparable NOI and are included in non-comparable NOI. Other properties and activities such as Arena, hotels, subsidized senior housing, military housing, the Nets, corporate activities and land are not evaluated on a same-store basis and the NOI from these properties and activities are considered non-comparable NOI.
Statements made in this news release that state the company’s or management’s intentions, hopes, beliefs, expectations or predictions of the future are forward-looking statements. The company’s actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements due to various risks, uncertainties and other factors. Risks and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the impact of current lending and capital market conditions on its liquidity, ability to finance or refinance projects and repay its debt, the impact of the current economic environment on its ownership, development and management of its commercial real estate portfolio, general real estate investment and development risks, using modular construction as a new construction methodology and investing in a facility to produce modular units, vacancies in its properties, further downturns in the housing market, competition, illiquidity of real estate investments, bankruptcy or defaults of tenants, anchor store consolidations or closings, international activities, the impact of terrorist acts, risks of owning and operating an arena, risks associated with an investment in a professional sports team, its substantial debt leverage and the ability to obtain and service debt, the impact of restrictions imposed by its credit facility and senior debt, exposure to hedging agreements, the level and volatility of interest rates, the continued availability of tax-exempt government financing, the impact of credit rating downgrades, effects of uninsured or underinsured losses, effects of a downgrade or failure of its insurance carriers, environmental liabilities, conflicts of interest, risks associated with the sale of tax credits, risks associated with developing and managing properties in partnership with others, the ability to maintain effective internal controls, compliance with governmental regulations, increased legislative and regulatory scrutiny of the financial services industry, changes in federal, state or local tax laws, volatility in the market price of its publicly traded securities, inflation risks, litigation risks, cybersecurity risks and cyber incidents, as well as other risks listed from time to time in the company’s SEC filings, including but not limited to, the company’s annual and quarterly reports.
SOURCE Forest City Enterprises, Inc.